A nation is known, recognized and distinguished among the world nations by certain characteristic features. The highest and the greatest of these features is culture.

HEYDAR ALIYEV
1134

Ummulbanu Banine, the first French-speaking Azerbaijani writer

One of the most famous representatives of Azerbaijani literature of the 20th century, the writer and translator Ummulbanu Mirza gizi Asadullayeva (Banine), was born in Baku in January 1905.

At the age of 19, she went to France to live with her relatives. After a period of unemployment, she began working in a stationery store. Ummulbanu, who used to talk about Baku in her spare time, wrote down her memories on the recommendation of her French friends. Parisian life, especially the literary environment of the 1930s, sparked Ummulbanu's interest in creativity. She dealt mainly with subjects related to Azerbaijan. The debut novel of the young writer, entitled "Nami," was published in 1934. According to research, her book "Caucasian Days" was published in 1946 under the pen name "Banine". After the book's publication, Banine attracted the attention of Western writers such as André Malraux, Ivan Bunin, Nikos Kazantzakis, Henry de Montherlant, and Ernst Jünger.

After this work, the theme of which was taken from life in Azerbaijan, the author wrote "Parisian Days", "Meetings with Ernst Jünger", "After", "The Call of the Last Chance", "Foreign France", "Portrait of Ernst Jünger" and other novels. These works were also received with interest by a large audience. She also tried her hand as a translator. She made translations from Russian, English, and German.

Banine was always proud of her Azerbaijani origin. The writer wasn't indifferent to the truths of her native land. In the early 1990s, as a member of the "Azerbaijani House" association operating in Paris, Ummulbanu Banine wrote articles about the events in Karabakh and informed the French public about the atrocities committed by the Armenians against our people.

Banine's last literary work, the novel "What Mary told me" - was published in 1991. She died a year later, on October 29, 1992. The Parisian newspaper "Le Figaro" reported the writer's death on the same day under the headline, "The first French-speaking Azerbaijani writer Banine has died"

NEWS

03.02.2023 14:18
Order of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan on the celebration of the 150th anniversary of the professional national theater of Azerbaijan
02.02.2023 09:22
Today is National Youth Day
01.02.2023 20:42
"The Dead" to be staged at the Heydar Aliyev Center for the first time
25.01.2023 10:37
Azerbaijani Pavilion at the Islamic Arts Biennale
13.01.2023 12:45
Heydar Aliyev Center to host the performances of Heydar Aliyev's favorite plays
13.01.2023 11:16
Order of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan
13.01.2023 10:11
Heydar Aliyev Center to host the performances of Heydar Aliyev's favorite plays
09.01.2023 12:42
The Azerbaijan Culture Center in Tashkent celebrates the "Year of Shusha"
29.12.2022 15:35
Exhibition opened in honor of Khurshidbanu Natavan’s 190th anniversary
26.12.2022 17:54
An exhibition titled "Azerbaijani carpets: learning through art" was opened in Romania
12.10.2022 12:57
The art symposium "XAZART" will be held on October 7-15, 2022
05.10.2022 13:56
The short profile was prepared within the framework of the international Compendium Association
29.09.2022 13:08
2023 declared “Year of Heydar Aliyev” in Azerbaijan
23.09.2022 16:10
“Hippos Travelling the World & Calling for Climate Action” children’s exhibition starts in Azerbaijan
29.08.2022 12:28
DokuBaku Festival has announced the jury
26.08.2022 09:33
An international project, “Youth ArtCamp Shusha and Baku” is being held
22.08.2022 17:15
ANIMAFILM Festival, which will take place under the slogan "One Ticket = One Tree" has announced its program
31.05.2022 10:20
The atmospheric performance of Shahin Novrasli closed the 1st Baku International Piano Festival
12.05.2022 13:20
President Ilham Aliyev and First Lady Mehriban Aliyeva attended opening of the festival
20.04.2022 17:26
The Azerbaijan National Carpet Museum hosted the opening of the exhibition Two Hearts One Destiny
30.03.2022 11:38
The 2022 call for applications of UNESCO’s International Fund for Cultural Diversity is now open
10.03.2022 16:22
British Council and the British Embassy in Baku are launching the seventh edition of the British Film Festival
22.02.2022 15:41
Parvin Gozalov delivered a speech at the 300th and 30th anniversary events in the Russian Federation
18.02.2022 21:51
Dr Shirin Melikova, Director of the Azerbaijan National Carpet Museum was awarded the Knight of the Order of the Arts and the Letters (Ordre des Arts et des Lettres) of France