He graduated from the Law Faculty of Baku State University with a bachelor's degree in 1999 and a master's degree in 2001.
Adil Karimli started working as a legal counsel in 1999. He began his academic and research career as a professor in 2001 and eventually became a senior professor at Baku State University.
In 2007, he became a member of the Legal and Public Affairs Committee of the European Broadcasting Union, and in 2011, a member of the Eurovision Song Contest Advisory Group of the European Broadcasting Union.
From 2007 to 2011, he was the head of the Azerbaijani delegation to the Eurovision Song Contest and led the Working Group for Eurovision Song Contest 2012 hosted by Baku city.
By a order of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan issued on October 8, 2012, he was appointed the First Deputy Director of the Heydar Aliyev Center.
He was in charge of the culture section at the Milan Expo, Dubai Expo, and other international events, and headed the Organizing Committee of the Azerbaijan pavilion at the Exhibition of Achievements of the National Economy in Moscow.
A.Karimli was a member of the Working Group in charge of overseeing the restoration and construction projects of the Heydar Aliyev Foundation in the territories liberated from occupation, and the Days of Azerbaijani Culture organized by the Foundation in a number of countries. He has curated cultural projects of the Heydar Aliyev Foundation in Germany, Great Britain, Italy and France.
He is the Vice-President of the Azerbaijan Automobile Federation.
From 2004 to 2010, he was a member of the Bar Association of the Republic of Azerbaijan. On July 1, 2022, he was readmitted to the Bar.
On December 22, 2022, Adil Karimli was appointed the First Deputy Minister of Culture by the order of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
On April 14, 2023, Adil Karimli was appointed the Minister of Culture by the order of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
He holds a Ph.D. in law. He is married and has three children.