The ceramic products allow us to gain insight into the economic life and various craft industries in ancient and Middle Ages Azerbaijan. The variety of their types, shapes, and colors, and the complexity of ornaments and narrative scenes, reflect not only the artistic tastes of the local people, but also their religious views, rituals, and mythology.
Among the Azerbaijan National Carpet Museum’s ceramic products of the Seljuk period, the ceramic fragments with narrative motifs spark interest. An example is a fragment of a dyed ceramic dish from the 12th – 13th centuries from Oren-Gala (Beylagan). Through the constructive and artistic features of this product, folk masters achieved a harmonious combination of content and form. There is a hunting scene featuring a young horseman wearing a characteristic aristocratic costume of the period: A green abe (a coat) and crown. The young man is accompanied by a tamed leopard, a loyal companion of hunters (Inv. No. 1718).
Another polychrome glazed dish fragment, found during archaeological excavations in Beylagan, depicts a delightful scene of the ancient game chovgan (a horse polo). The ancient ceramist presents a young rider, sitting upon a horse and holding a chovgan-stick in his hand, against a green backdrop surrounded by plant elements. This dish fragment is a fine art masterpiece of that period and is one of the most outstanding objects in the museum (Inv. No. 1719).